Biomass Transformation ProcessesFree
About this course
The course considers the technical issues, economic feasibility and sustainability of bio-energy production in the African context. The focus of the course is in the integration of technical, economic and sustainability considerations into project development, to find practical, innovative, sustainable solutions for bio-energy production. The course will involve the development of a conceptual understanding of the conversion technologies for bio-energy and biofuels production, including biodiesel, biogas, ethanol, combustion, pyrolysis, gasification and electricity generation.Topics include:Biomass as a renewable energy source (Historical development & potential of bioenergy, biomass resources, Biomass properties, environmental impact of bioenergy, Economics of bioenergy). Biomass production and conversion: Photosynthesis (Basic concept of photosynthesis, light reaction for the photochemical oxidation of water, dark reaction for the synthesis of sugars, efficiency of photosynthesis). Biomass production (Natural factors, biomass yield, fossil input for biomass cultivation & harnessing, biomass logistics, environmental impacts of biomass cultivation, Economics of biomass production, major terrestrial biomass crops, aquatic biomass). Biomass conversion processes (Thermochemical conversion processes, biochemical conversion processes, chemical conversion processes). Utilization of biomass energy (Biofuels, electric power generation, heat production, chemical biorefinery). Advantages and disadvantages of biomass energy.
Biomass chemistry. Biomass for modern biotechnology applications. Biofuel suitability and feasibility of for different application. Advanced modern methods for biomass treatment and handling. Complex thermal biomass conversion (gasification, pyrolysis, liquefaction). Principles of biochemical biomass conversion. Environmental impact of biomass production and use. Bio-based fuel additives. Lignin conversion and levulinic acid and furfural conversion. Industrial Microbiology and biotechnology: Types and methods of optimization of products- substrate level, physiological level, genetic level. Process optimization, selection of appropriate substrates, computer aided optimization-Modelling and simulation for product optimization using Design expert software, Minitab, Sigma Plot, Ms Excel etc.metabolic and Genetic engineering for improved yield. Genetically Modified Organisms, Merits and demerits.
The course will involve the development of a conceptual understanding of the conversion technologies for bio-energy and biofuels production, including biodiesel, biogas, ethanol, combustion, pyrolysis, gasification and electricity generation.