Solar Thermal Conversion Systems and ApplicationFree
About this course
The course describes the fundamental mechanisms of solar energy conversion on solar cells, including the principles, manufacturing technologies, efficiencies, advantages and limitations of various PV cells. The optical and thermal parameters for solar thermal technologies are also considered with the basic heat transfer and thermodynamics principles that apply and the approaches for generating electrical power. The exploitation of these renewable energy systems in both large scale power plants and in the urban, built infrastructure is considered.
Topics include: Solar resource and solar radiation (the sun, solar radiation, solar spectral distribution, solar constant, solar insolation and position of the sun w.r.t surfaces on earth, solar time, AM 1.5 and irradiance, measurement of terrestrial solar radiation etc.). Advantages and disadvantages of solar energy. Photoelectric effect and concept of photons. Interaction of light with matter (absorptivity, reflectivity, transmittivity, emissivity etc). Principles of operation of PV cells; Manufacturing technologies of crystalline and thin film PV cells. Heat transfer and principles of solar thermal systems. Introduction to Solar collectors, Passive and active solar thermal systems, Solar drying, Solar distillation, solar cookers. The concepts of stand-alone and bulk solar thermal power generation systems.